High Glycemic Index Foods

Food is a universal pleasure, and we all have our guilty pleasures when it comes to indulging in our favorite treats. However, it’s important to know that not all foods are created equal when it comes to their impact on our blood sugar levels.

high gi foodsEnter the glycemic index (GI), a numerical ranking that measures how quickly carbohydrates in food raise blood sugar levels. In this delightful journey through the realm of high GI foods, we’ll explore the fascinating world of popular pizza, pasta, and bakery treats that can send our taste buds soaring and our blood sugar on a roller coaster ride.

  1. Pizza – The Universal Love Triangle:

Pizza, the epitome of comfort food, has captured the hearts of millions around the world. However, beneath its cheesy surface lies a secret: the glycemic index. The traditional pizza dough, loaded with refined flour, tends to have a high GI score, typically ranging from 70 to 90.

  • Margherita: A classic favorite, Margherita pizza can reach a GI score of around 80. The combination of refined flour in the crust and the natural sugars in the tomato sauce contributes to its ranking.
  • Pepperoni: This popular topping adds a savory twist to our beloved pizza. However, it doesn’t change the high GI score of the crust, so expect a similar impact on your blood sugar levels.

  1. Pasta – The Carbohydrate Conundrum:

Pasta, an Italian staple, is loved by many for its versatility and comforting texture. Unfortunately, most types of pasta have a high GI due to the processing that removes the fibrous bran and germ, leaving behind primarily refined flour.

  • Spaghetti: One of the most famous pasta varieties, spaghetti usually has a GI score of approximately 40-60, depending on the cooking time. Opting for whole wheat or whole grain spaghetti can help reduce its glycemic impact.
  • Ravioli: These delightful parcels of joy come in various fillings but are typically made from refined flour. Expect a GI score similar to traditional pasta, around 40-60, depending on the ingredients used.

  1. Bakery Foods – Sweet Temptations:

Bakeries are the ultimate temptation for anyone with a sweet tooth. Cakes, cookies, and pastries are hard to resist, but be wary of their glycemic impact.

  • Chocolate Chip Cookies: These delectable treats can have a GI score in the range of 40-55. The combination of refined flour, sugar, and chocolate chips gives them their irresistible taste but also contributes to their glycemic index.
  • Croissants: The buttery and flaky goodness of a croissant may seem innocent, but its GI score can range from 40 to 70. The refined flour and butter content contribute to its high glycemic impact.
  • Donuts: Glazed, powdered, or filled, donuts are a beloved treat. However, their GI score can be quite high, typically ranging from 60 to 75. The combination of refined flour, sugar, and frying contributes to their sweet but glycemic impact.

High GI Foods

While we all deserve to indulge in our favorite foods from time to time, it’s essential to be aware of their potential impact on our blood sugar levels. The glycemic index provides valuable insights into the carbohydrates present in different foods and how they affect our bodies.

Remember, knowledge is power, and being informed about the glycemic index can help you make more informed choices. Consider opting for whole grain or whole wheat alternatives when possible and incorporating balanced meals that include protein, healthy fats, and fiber to help mitigate blood sugar spikes.

So, the next time you find yourself craving a slice of pizza, twirling spaghetti on your fork, or eyeing those sweet treats at the bakery, you’ll have a better understanding of the glycemic impact they may have on your body. Enjoy your favorites in moderation, savor the flavors, and embrace the journey towards a healthier lifestyle.

Name Category Glycemic Index (GI)
Fettuccine Pasta 46-59
Spaghetti Pasta 41-58
Macaroni Pasta 47-58
Ravioli Pasta 39-54
Lasagna Pasta 32-42
Linguine Pasta 46-58
Orzo Pasta 48-57
Penne Pasta 38-54
Tortellini Pasta 50-60
Rigatoni Pasta 46-58
Tagliatelle Pasta 50-60
Gnocchi Pasta 67
Cannelloni Pasta 50-60
Farfalle Pasta 54
Vermicelli Pasta 58
Angel Hair Pasta 45
Carbonara Italian Food 60
Margherita Pizza Italian Food 80-90
Tiramisu Italian Food 59-78
Bruschetta Italian Food 70
Cannoli Italian Food 52
Panettone Italian Food 70
Focaccia Breads 57-77
Baguette Breads 95
Ciabatta Breads 73
Croissant Breads 67
Pumpernickel Bread Breads 55
Cornflakes Cereals 77
Rice Krispies Cereals 82
Cheerios Cereals 74
Corn Chex Cereals 83
Bran Flakes Cereals 74
Rice Cakes Cereals 82
Instant Oatmeal Cereals 83
Muesli Cereals 56-69



  1. “Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load for 100+ Foods” – Harvard Health Publishing, Harvard Medical School.
  2. “Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load” – American Diabetes Association.